Volume : 4
Issue : 1
Concurrent traumatic brain injury with aortic injury: Management dilemmas
Maulik Vaja, Manas Kumar Panigrahi, Rajendra Kumar Jain P, Ann Campos
Pdf Page Numbers :- 22-25
Maulik Vaja1*, Manas Kumar Panigrahi1, Rajendra Kumar Jain P2 and Ann Campos3
1Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
2Department of Cardiology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
3Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author: Dr. Maulik Vaja, Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India. Email: email@example.com
Received 12 October 2015; Revised 20 November 2015; Accepted 2 December 2015; Published 16 December 2015
Citation: Vaja M, Panigrahi MK, Jain RK, Campos A. Concurrent traumatic brain injury with aortic injury: Management dilemmas. J Med Sci Res. 2016; 4(1):22-25. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2016/4-007
Copyright: © 2016 Vaja M, et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: Occurrence of concurrent traumatic brain injury and aortic injury is rare and potentially fatal trauma pattern. The incidence of traumatic brain injury associated with aortic injury is likely to be underestimated because many patients with this pathology die prior to hospital admission or imaging study. Even after diagnosis, there are difficulties in managing such a patient as different approaches are required to treat each of them.
Case report: A 68-year-old man with head injury and blunt chest injury was operated. He had right frontotemporal subarachnoid haemorrhage with fracture of left temporal bone with hemopneumothorax and multiple rib fractures on the left side of the chest. Patient was evaluated with plain CT scan and CT angiogram of brain. Contrast enhanced CT scan of chest revealed rupture of the arch of aorta. Head injury was managed conservatively and emergency aortic stent grafting was done.
Discussion and conclusion: Aortic injury may be missed, so the emergency physician should have high index of suspicion while dealing with polytrauma patient instead of just focussing on head injury. Head injury and aortic injury occurring together need different treatment methods which can have conflict. (A) In aortic injury, maintaining a lower systolic blood pressure is essential to prevent further haemorrhage. On the contrary blood pressure should be maintained at normal level for adequate cerebral perfusion in head injury. (B) Sedation required for aortic injury can interfere with the clinical assessment of a patient with traumatic brain injury. (C) Anticoagulants used in the treatment of aortic injury are usually contraindicated in head injury. The treatment needs a team approach by neurosurgeon, endovascular cardiologist, cardiac surgeon, emergency physician, and critical care intensivist etc., to manage patients of traumatic brain injury with aortic injury.
Keywords: Traumatic brain injury; aortic injury; fatal combination