Volume : 2
Issue : 4
Effect of physical training on short term memory in school going rural children
Syamala E, Rama Kranthi T, Amrutha Kumari K, Simmi Soni, Mohamad Nazeer
Pdf Page Numbers :- 228-230
Syamala E1,2,*, Rama Kranthi T2,*, Amrutha Kumari K2, Simmi Soni2, Mohamad Nazeer2
1Department of Physiology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
2Dr. V.R.K. Women’s Medical College and Research Center, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding authors: Dr. E. Syamala, Department of Physiology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad, Telangana, India. Email: email@example.com. T. Rama Kranthi, Department of Physiology, Dr. V.R.K. Women’s Medical College and Research Center, Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Received 11 June 2014; Revised 20 August 2014; Accepted 04 September 2014
Citation: Syamala E, Rama Kranthi T, Amrutha Kumari K, Simmi Soni, Mohamad Nazeer. Effect of physical training on short term memory in school going rural children. J Med Sci Res 2014; 2(4):228-230. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2014/2-040
Copyright: © 2014 Syamala E, et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: Short-term memory allows recall for a period of several seconds to a minute without rehearsal. Various studies have shown a positive correlation between physical activity and cognition. The present study is undertaken to find out if physical training has any extra benefit on children’s auditory and visual short term memory in rural area whose physical activity is greater than urban children and adults.
Materials and methods: Total 60 children participated in the study. 30 children were trained regularly in sports both in the morning and evening at least for 2 hours a day for one year in the age group of 8-16 and 30 untrained children age, gender and BSA matched participated in the study. Auditory memory was tested using numerical and word test. Visual memory was tested using numerical, word and objective tests.
Results and discussion: Statistically significant results were observed in auditory word test, visual numerical, visual word and visual objective tests but auditory numerical test was insignificant.
Conclusions: Short term memory improves linearly with physical activity. This could be due to increase in supply of oxygen and nutrients to brain.
Keywords: Physical activity; Short term memory; Children; Nutrients