Volume : 3
Issue : 1
Genetic evaluation in infertility: Case of infertile couple with deletion and duplication of chromosome 9q12
Risha Nahar Lulla, Advithi Rangaraju, Vyjayanthi Srinivasan, Varalakshmi Mallidi, Kanaka Bhushanam GVVS
Pdf Page Numbers :- 22-26
Risha Nahar Lulla1,2,*, Advithi Rangaraju2, Vyjayanthi Srinivasan3, Varalakshmi Mallidi2 and Kanaka Bhushanam GVVS2
1Department of Genetics, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Minister’s Road, Secunderabad-500 003, Telangana, India
2KIMS Foundation and Research Center, Minister’s Road, Secunderabad-500 003, Telangana, India
3Department of Infertility, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Minister’s Road, Secunderabad-500 003, Telangana, India
Corresponding author: Dr. Risha Nahar, Department of Genetics, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), KIMS Foundation and Research Centre (KFRC), Minister’s Road, Secunderabad-500 003, Telangana, India. Tel.: +91 9849507575; Email: email@example.com
Received 10 October 2014; Revised 18 December 2014; Accepted 27 December 2014; Published 31 December 2014
Citation: Risha Nahar L, Advithi Rangaraju, Vyjayanthi S, Varalakshmi Mallidi, Kanaka Bhushanam GVVS. Genetic evaluation in infertility: Case of infertile couple with deletion and duplication of chromosome 9q12. J Med Sci Res 2015; 3(1):22-26. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2015/3-004
Copyright: © 2015 Risha Nahar L, et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Infertility is defined as the inability of women to ever bear a child or become pregnant after one year unprotected sexual intercourse or carry a pregnancy to a live birth. Genetic counseling can increase a couple's chance of having a healthy baby. Some forms of infertility, particularly sperm abnormalities in males and oligomenorrhoea/ amenorrhoea in females have a genetic basis. Couples with these forms of infertility may be at increased risk for transmitting infertility to their children, for having a miscarriage or for having a child with a serious genetic condition. Based on international guidelines for appropriate use of genetic testing in infertility, cytogenetic testing is strongly advised in all cases of infertility. Apart from this, there are several other molecular genetic tests such as Y chromosome deletions, FRAX-A, CFTR gene analysis that are recommended during diagnostic work up of infertility and prior to ART. In the present paper, we report a case of an infertile couple who were referred for genetic evaluation for infertility prior to ART. The husband had a partial trisomy of 9q12 heterochromatin region [46,XY,dup(9)(q12)] while the wife had a partial monosomy of the same 9q12 heterochromatin region [46,XX,del(9)(q12)]. The case discussion emphasizes the role of genetic testing and counseling in infertility cases to determine the etiology of infertility, determination of risk of genetically abnormal offspring. This helps the couple make an informed choice regarding their reproductive choices. Genetic testing and genetic counselling should always be part of an extensive evaluation of infertile couples, especially those opting for ART.
Keywords: Genetic evaluation; infertility; deletion and duplication of chromosome 9q12