Volume : 8
Issue : 2
Inter-limb blood pressure difference, ankle-brachial index and its association with border zone cerebral infarcts: A prospective single-blind study from central India
Ajoy S, Pankaj R, Rahul J, Dinesh C, Kapil T, Manish B
Pdf Page Numbers :- 57-65
Sodani Ajoy1, Rathi Pankaj1, Jain Rahul1,*, Chouksey Dinesh1, Telang Kapil1 and Bhagat Manish2
1Department of Neurology, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medicala Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
2Department of Radiology, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author: Dr. Rahul Jain, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences, Indore, India. Mobile: 7415511663; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 17 January 2020; Revised 3 March 2020; Accepted 14 March 2020; Published 28 March 2020
Citation: Ajoy S, Pankaj R, Rahul J, Dinesh C, Kapil T, Manish B. Inter-limb blood pressure difference, ankle-brachial index and its association with border zone cerebral infarcts: A prospective single-blind study from central India. J Med Sci Res. 2020; 8(2):57-65. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2020/8-8
Copyright: © 2020 Ajoy S et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: Border zone infarcts (BZI) are ischemic lesions occurring between two non- anastomosing arterial territories. BZI patients have higher incidence of recurrent strokes (RS). The predictors of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), low ankle-brachial index (ABI) and high inter-arm blood pressure difference (IABD) are associated with intracranial atherosclerosis and thus, could also have an association with BZI. Our single blind prospective study explores the predictive value of these clinical variables, ABI and IABD for BZI in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Methods: The subjects fulfilling the inclusion criterion (183 of 335, 78.14% men) were divided into BZI (n=89) and pure core arterial territory infarct (CATI, n=94) groups, based upon MRI characteristics of infarcts. The value of ABI (<1 or ≥1) and IABD (<10 or ≥ 10 mmHg) was deduced in all the subjects. The groups were compared using the clinical features, ABI and IABD values as variables.
Results: Odds for BZI were high in men (OR 1.78, 95% CI 0.87-3.66), hypertension (p=0.003, OR 2.79, 95% CI 1.39 to 5.6), history of ischemic heart disease (OR 2.06, 95%CI 0.73-5.8), prior stroke (OR 1.92, 95% CI 0.54-6.8), smoking (OR1.85, 95% CI 0.96-3.56) and dyslipidemia (OR2.5, 95% CI 0.83-7.58). ABI mean (ABI-M) <1 was significantly associated with BZI (p=0.022) as compared to CATI. ABI-M of <0.96 was able to diagnose BZI over CATI (sensitivity 56.2%, specificity 63.8%, p<0.05).IABD ≥10 mm Hg showed no association with BZI. Logistic regression analysis showed that HTN (p<0.001) and low ABI-M (p<0.033) were a significant predictor of BZI.
Conclusion: Low ABI-M could be of value as a screening tool to identify persons at risk for BZI in stroke population.
Keywords: Border-zone infarct; ankle-brachial index; inter-arm blood pressure difference; stroke; intracranial arterial stenosis; peripheral arterial disease; hypertension