Orginal Research
2014 September
Volume : 2 Issue : 3


Visceral fat correlation with sympathetic neuronal activity in women

Syamala E, Rama Kranthi T, Nageshwari, Amrutha Kumara K, Sikandar Hussain, Pushpanjali

Pdf Page Numbers :- 149-152

Syamala E1,2,*, Rama Kranthi T2, Nageshwari3, Amrutha Kumara K2, Sikandar Hussain2 and Pushpanjali2

 

1Department of Physiology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad - 500003, Telangana, India

2Dr. V.R.K. Womens Medical College and Research center, Hyderabad, AP., India

3Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

 

*Corresponding author: Dr. E. Syamala, Department of Physiology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad - 500003, Telangana, India. Email: bhupathi.s@rediffmail.com

 

Received 17 April 2014; Revised 22 May 2014; Accepted 3 June 2014

 

Citation: Syamala E, Rama Kranthi T, Nageshwari, Amrutha kumara K, Sikandar Hussain, Pushpanjali. Visceral fat correlation with sympathetic neuronal activity in women. J Med Sci Res 2014; 2(3):149-152. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2014/2-027  

 

Copyright: © 2014 Syamala E et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

View Full Text | PDF

Abstract

Aim: The present study is undertaken to find out if obesity especially, visceral fat has any correlation with cardiovascular sympathetic activity in female undergraduate medical students.

Materials and methods: 24 females with mean age of 20 ± 2 of same community participated in the study. They were divided into 2 groups: Group I- Normal (BMI < 25), Group II –Obese (BMI > 30). Group II was again divided in to two subgroups, with normal visceral fat (VF), with increased visceral fat (>10). Visceral fat, BMI and resting metabolism were measured using OMRON HBF - 362. Base line systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured. Sympathetic nerve activity was assessed using hand grip dynamometer, 30% of Tmax was calculated and simultaneously BP changes were monitored.

Results: Results were assessed using ‘t’ test. A statistically significant difference (< 0.05) was observed in resting metabolism, baseline SBP, DBP and sympathetic activity between normal and obese groups. Baseline SBP varied significantly with visceral fat within the obese group.

Conclusion: The present study shows obesity increases sympathetic activity and visceral fat plays an important role in regulation of baseline BP, especially SBP even in young girls.

 

Keywords: Visceral fat; Obesity; Resting metabolism; Sympathetic activity

Subscription