Orginal Research
2021 September
Volume : 9 Issue : 3


Clinico-epidemiological profile of COVID-19 cases: Our experiences

Rajiva, Muruganantham M, Mukherjee G, Singh PMP, Saxena A, Chary S, Mahar SS

Pdf Page Numbers :- 155-161

Rajiva1, Muruganantham M2, Gautam Mukherjee3, Singh PMP3,*, Aaditya Saxena4, Sridhar Chary4 and Sandeep Singh Mahar4

 

1Formerly Colonel Health and Senior Adviser Community Medicine, Headquarters Central Command (Medical Branch), P.O. Dilkusha, Lucknow, 226002, India

2Department of Anaesthesiology, Armed Forces Medical Services, India

3Department of Community Medicine, Armed Forces Medical Services, India

4Medical Officer, AFMS, India

 

*Corresponding author: Maninder Pal Singh Pardal, Mandara A2-504, survey No.19/194 Nyati Epitome, Opposite Corinthian Club, Mohammadwadi, Pune City, India. Email: ltcolpmpsingh@yahoo.com

 

Received 3 May 2021; Revised 25 May 2021; Accepted 4 June 2021; Published 15 June 2021

 

Citation: Rajiva, Muruganantham M, Mukherjee G, Singh PMP, Saxena A, Chary S, Mahar SS. Clinico-epidemiological profile of COVID-19 cases: Our experiences. J Med Sci Res. 2021; 9(3):155-161. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2021/9-22

 

Copyright: © 2021 Rajiva et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Abstract

Introduction: A novel beta coronavirus, which was named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was identified to be the causative organism of coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Aims: To study the clinico-epidemiological profile of hospitalised COVID-19 cases in an urban area.

Material and methods: The workers carried out a cross sectional descriptive study. Period of the study was 01 April 2020 to 31 December 2020. Detailed epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and radiological data was obtained from each case. Above data in respect of 332 cases of COVID-19 was obtained.

Results: Mean age of the cases was 45.68 years. Two hundred and sixty four (79.52%) cases were males, while sixty eight (20.48%) were females. Two hundred and thirty five (70.78%) gave history of fever. Mean duration of hospitalisation was 9.41 days. Thirty six (10.84%) cases were required to be placed on ventilator for various periods of time. Eighty four (25.30%) cases required to be administered oxygen for various periods of time. There were seven (2.10%) fatalities.

Conclusion: The workers recommend that more research be carried out to identify various agent, host and environmental factors which may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of severe and fatal infections.

 

Keywords: clinico epidemiological; COVID-19; SARS-CoV- 2

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