Volume : 11
Issue : 3
Clinicopathological spectrum of renal biopsies in children – A single center experience from Eastern India
Kanjilal S, Hui P, Roy SM, Das MK, Basu S, Sinha MK
Pdf Page Numbers :- 176-180
Shruti Kanjilal1, Pallabi Hui1, Sarbani Misra Roy2,*, Mrinal Kanti Das1, Suprit Basu1,3 and Malay Kumal Sinha1
1Department of Pediatrics, IPGME&R, Kolkata, West Bengal 700020, India
2Department of Pediatrics, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda, West Bengal 732101, India
3Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, PGIMER Chandigarh, Chandigarh 160012, India
*Corresponding author: Sarbani Misra Roy. Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Malda Medical College and Hospital, Malda-732101. West Bengal, India. Email: email@example.com
Received 3 April 2023; Revised 23 May 2023; Accepted 1 June 2023; Published 14 June 2023
Citation: Kanjilal S, Hui P, Roy SM, Das MK, Basu S, Sinha MK. Clinicopathological spectrum of renal biopsies in children – A single center experience from Eastern India. J Med Sci Res. 2023; 11(3):176-180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2023/11-33
Copyright: © 2023 Kanjilal S et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: Renal diseases are common in childhood and they often present with diagnostic challenges. Renal biopsy is of major importance in diagnosing many renal diseases in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological aspect of renal diseases underwent biopsy in children in a tertiary care teaching institute in Eastern India.
Materials and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on children (≤12 year) admitted with difficult to treat renal disorders in Pediatric ward and thorough evaluations confirmed the requirement of renal biopsy. Sixty one (61) children satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in our study. Period of study was from February 2021 to July 2022.
Results: In this study, males were 31 and females were 30 in numbers. The mean age was 6.77± 3.42 years. The indications for renal biopsy were steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) (49.18%), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (29.51%), acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) (16.39%), and others. The major bulks of histopathological findings revealed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) and minimal change disease (MCD) in 45.9%, 32.8% and 13.1% respectively. Hypertension was present in 58.1% and hematuria in 64.5% of cases (p value 0.001).
Conclusion: SRNS (49.18%) was the most common indication of renal biopsy and FSGS (45.9%) was the most common histopathological finding in our study. This study provides data on biopsy proven childhood renal disorders from this region.
Keywords: children; eastern India; renal biopsy; renal disorder