Orginal Research
2022 December
Volume : 10 Issue : 4

Male bulbourethral gland secretions as physiological lubricant for vaginal dryness - A pilot study

Singhal S, Bhaskar N, Kumar A, Gaur M, Goyal ML

Pdf Page Numbers :- 179-184

Sunita Singhal1, Neha Bhaskar1, Arun Kumar2, Madhubala Gaur2 and Madan Lal Goyal2,*


1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, GSMCH, Pilkhuwa, Uttar Pradesh-245304, India

2Department of General Surgery, GSMCH, Pilkhuwa, Uttar Pradesh-245304, India


*Corresponding author: Dr. Madan Lal Goyal, Associate Professor, General Surgery, GSMCH, Pilkhuwa, Uttar Pradesh-245304, India. Email:


Received 10 August 2022; Revised 14 September 2022; Accepted 21 September 2022; Published 26 September 2022


Citation: Singhal S, Bhaskar N, Kumar A, Gaur M, Goyal ML. Male bulbourethral gland secretions as physiological lubricant for vaginal dryness - A pilot study. J Med Sci Res. 2022; 10(4):179-184. DOI:


Copyright: © 2022 Singhal S et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Background: Vaginal dryness is common during and after menopause due to declining oestrogen, vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA), up to about a year after delivery during breast feeding and in many other conditions. This can be distressing to painful for women and may cause discomfort and dyspareunia. This study was performed to evaluate the use and practicability of secretions of male bulbourethral glands (Cowper's glands) to alleviate the discomfort, dyspareunia or pain at sexual activity, because of inadequate lubrication of vagina.

Method: When a healthy male is sexually aroused, Cowper's glands produce a mucous-like fluid called pre-ejaculate. This fluid is a clear, colourless, viscous, and salty liquid, which is emitted from the urethra of the penis. A lubrication free wet condom on penis during foreplay can prevent loss of these secretions during an extended foreplay and lubrication around penis due to these secretions can effectively serve as physiological lubricant during coitus.

Result: This technique and secretion of Cowper’s glands are a good lubrication for dryness of vagina during coitus. Sexual function assessment revealed a marked improvement in all domains of sexual function to both partners. A physiological secretion being natural to the sexual act and providing motive for extending foreplay; it is arguably the best lubricant for coitus in situations of dry vagina.

Conclusion: Supposedly the secretions may also help in reducing dose of HRT for menopause, extended foreplay adds to psychosexual benefits and a boost to sexual hormonal milieu.


Keywords: female sexual function index; lubrication free dry condom; lubrication free wet condom; secretions of male Cowper’s glands