Volume : 2
Issue : 3
Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections among healthy blood donors at KIMS blood bank
Sukrutha Gopal Reddy, Radhika Chowdary D, Anil Kumar Bilolikar
Pdf Page Numbers :- 137-139
Sukrutha Gopal Reddy1,*, Radhika Chowdary D1 and Anil Kumar Bilolikar1
1Department of Blood Bank & Laboratory Services, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad - 500003, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author: Dr. Sukrutha Gopal Reddy, Department of Blood Bank & Laboratory Services, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad - 500003, Telangana, India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 10 April 2014; Revised 22 May 2014; Accepted 11 June 2014
Citation: Sukrutha Gopal R, Radhika Chowdary D, Anil Kumar B. Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections among healthy blood donors at KIMS blood bank. J Med Sci Res 2014; 2(3):137-139. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2014/2-024
Copyright: © 2014 Sukrutha Gopal R et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Background: Safe blood is a critical component in improving health care and in preventing the spread of infectious diseases.
Aims & Objectives: Blood transfusion can cause the transmission of infectious to recipients. This is an important mode of infection. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of such type of infection among blood donors and to compare the seroprevalence of transfusion transmitted diseases in blood donors. Retrospective study was conducted for 5 years from January-2009 to December-2013 at KIMS Blood Bank, Secunderabad.
Materials and methods: All donors reporting to the blood bank during the period January-2009 to December-2013 were screened for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 1 & 2, hepatitis C viruses, malaria and syphilis. Screening of HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses were done by chemillumiencies and syphilis was screened by RPR method.
Results: A total of 39780 voluntary blood donors were screened, of which 38697 were males and 1083 were females. Seropositivity of HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C viruses & syphilis were 0.26%, 1.28%, 0.51% and 0.03% respectively. No blood donors test showed positivity for malaria parasite.
Conclusion: With the implementation of strict donor selection criteria and use of sensitive screening test, it may be possible to reduce the incidence of TTIs.
Keywords: human immunodeficiency virus; hepatitis B virus; hepatitis C virus; seroprevalence; transfusion transmitted infections