Volume : 11
Issue : 1
Thyroid status in pregnant women with pregnancy induced hypertension – A case control study
Anandpara G, Patel M, Patel R, Panchal M, Nair SP
Pdf Page Numbers :- 37-41
Gaurang Anandpara1, Monika Patel2, Riddhi Patel3, Mittal Panchal4,* and Sandhya Pillai Nair3
1Department of Biochemistry, Dr Kiran C Patel Medical College and Research Institute, Bharuch, Gujarat-392001, India
2Department of Biochemistry, Ananya College of Medicine and Research, Kalol, Gujarat-382721, India
3Department of Biochemistry, Dr. M K Shah Medical College and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat-380005, India
4Department of Biochemistry, Swaminarayan Institute of Medical Science and Research, Kalol, Gujarat -382721, India
*Corresponding author: Dr. Mittal Panchal, Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Swaminarayan Institute of Medical Science and Research, Ahmedabad, Gujarat-382721, India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 13 October 2022; Revised 12 December 2022; Accepted 20 December 2022; Published 29 December 2022
Citation: Anandpara G, Patel M, Patel R, Panchal M, Nair SP. Thyroid status in pregnant women with pregnancy induced hypertension – A case control study. J Med Sci Res. 2023; 11(1):37-41. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2023/11-8
Copyright: © 2023 Anandpara G et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Introduction: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality affecting 5-10% of pregnancies. PIH is more frequently associated with elevated TSH (Thyroid-stimulating hormone). Thyroid dysfunction plays an important role in the development of gestational hypertension. However, this relationship remains unclear. The study was performed to evaluate the thyroid status in pregnant women with PIH and normal pregnant women.
Methodology: This was a hospital based observational case control study done in Dr M K Shah Medical College, Ahmedabad. Total 100 pregnant women were included, out of them 50 PIH women were included in the case study group and 50 normotensive healthy pregnant women were included in the control group. After taking written consent, thyroid profile (TSH, free T3 and free T4) were measured in all 100 subjects.
Results: Women with PIH had higher TSH levels and lower free T3 and free T4 as compared to normotensive pregnant women. There was a significant association between hypothyroidism and PIH cases. There was a significant positive correlation between TSH and systolic BP (r=0.42) and diastolic BP (r=0.52).
Conclusion: PIH women are at greater risk of decreased thyroid function. Therefore, PIH women should be monitored for thyroid levels regularly.
Keywords: gestational hypertension; preeclampsia; thyroid profile; subclinical hypothyroid; overt hypothyroid