Volume : 2
Issue : 3
Visceral fat correlation with sympathetic neuronal activity in women
Syamala E, Rama Kranthi T, Nageshwari, Amrutha Kumara K, Sikandar Hussain, Pushpanjali
Pdf Page Numbers :- 149-152
Syamala E1,2,*, Rama Kranthi T2, Nageshwari3, Amrutha Kumara K2, Sikandar Hussain2 and Pushpanjali2
1Department of Physiology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad - 500003, Telangana, India
2Dr. V.R.K. Womens Medical College and Research center, Hyderabad, AP., India
3Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author: Dr. E. Syamala, Department of Physiology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad - 500003, Telangana, India. Email: email@example.com
Received 17 April 2014; Revised 22 May 2014; Accepted 3 June 2014
Citation: Syamala E, Rama Kranthi T, Nageshwari, Amrutha kumara K, Sikandar Hussain, Pushpanjali. Visceral fat correlation with sympathetic neuronal activity in women. J Med Sci Res 2014; 2(3):149-152. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2014/2-027
Copyright: © 2014 Syamala E et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Aim: The present study is undertaken to find out if obesity especially, visceral fat has any correlation with cardiovascular sympathetic activity in female undergraduate medical students.
Materials and methods: 24 females with mean age of 20 ± 2 of same community participated in the study. They were divided into 2 groups: Group I- Normal (BMI < 25), Group II –Obese (BMI > 30). Group II was again divided in to two subgroups, with normal visceral fat (VF), with increased visceral fat (>10). Visceral fat, BMI and resting metabolism were measured using OMRON HBF - 362. Base line systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured. Sympathetic nerve activity was assessed using hand grip dynamometer, 30% of Tmax was calculated and simultaneously BP changes were monitored.
Results: Results were assessed using ‘t’ test. A statistically significant difference (< 0.05) was observed in resting metabolism, baseline SBP, DBP and sympathetic activity between normal and obese groups. Baseline SBP varied significantly with visceral fat within the obese group.
Conclusion: The present study shows obesity increases sympathetic activity and visceral fat plays an important role in regulation of baseline BP, especially SBP even in young girls.
Keywords: Visceral fat; Obesity; Resting metabolism; Sympathetic activity