Volume : 11
Issue : 1
Effectiveness of cartoon video as a distraction strategy on pain perception during venepuncture among children
Krishnegowda M, Unki P, Manuja LM, Kerudi MP
Pdf Page Numbers :- 42-46
Madhunandan Krishnegowda1, Praveen Unki2, Manuja LM3 and Madhu P Kerudi1,*
1Department of Pediatrics, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G. Nagara, Karnataka, 571448, India
2Department of Pediatrics, Topiwala National Medical College and B.Y.L. Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, 400008, India
3Department of Community Medicine, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G. Nagara, Karnataka, 571448, India
*Corresponding author: Dr. Madhu P Kerudi, Junior Resident, Department of Pediatrics, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G. Nagara, Karnataka 571448, India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 25 August 2022; Revised 7 November 2022; Accepted 21 November 2022; Published 3 December 2022
Citation: Krishnegowda M, Unki P, Manuja LM, Kerudi MP. Effectiveness of cartoon video as a distraction strategy on pain perception during venepuncture among children. J Med Sci Res. 2023; 11(1):42-46. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2023/11-9
Copyright: © 2023 Krishnegowda M et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Pain is often a subjective sensation having physiological, psychological and emotional implications for an individual. In a hospital setting, children usually perceive unpredictable pain which is often procedure related that can impact both emotionally and psychologically. Perception of pain varies with multiple factors such as age, gender, intellectual level, personality, parental care and previous experience of painful procedure/ suppression of pain using pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic measures. Our study aimed to assess the effectiveness of animated cartoons as a distraction strategy to reduce behavioral response to pain perception among children undergoing venepuncture and to assess and compare pain perception in children with and without cartoon distraction. We had total of 60 children participated in the study group, we found that children who were distracted perceived less pain (p < 0.001), also the number of attempts required to do venepuncture also reduced significantly (p < 0.001). We concluded that, distraction technique is a simple yet effective tool in alleviating pain during venepuncture in preschool children. This technique can help in reduction of anxiety among children.
Keywords: cartoon video; distraction; venepuncture; children; pain perception