Volume : 4
Issue : 1
Glomus tumor of forearm- A rare presentation
Srinivas Kasha, Nithin Krishna VP, Gopinath Bandari, Shailaja M
Pdf Page Numbers :- 28-30
Srinivas Kasha1, Nithin Krishna VP2, Gopinath Bandari1,*, Shailaja M3
1Department of Orthopaedics, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad-500003, Telangana, India
2Registrar, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad-500003, Telangana, India
3Department of Pathology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author: Dr. Gopinath Bandari, Department of Orthopaedics, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Minister Road, Secunderabad-500003, Telangana, India
Received 12 October 2015; Revised 2 December 2015; Accepted 19 December 2015; Published 26 December 2015
Citation: Kasha S, Krishna VPN, Bandari G, Shailaja M. Glomus tumor of forearm- A rare presentation. J Med Sci Res. 2016; 4(1):28-30. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2016/4-009
Copyright: © 2016 Kasha S, et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Glomus tumor is a rare benign tumor commonly involving fingers and toes. While it has also been reported to have occurred elsewhere, there are only a handful reported cases. Diagnosis may be uncertain due to non-specific symptoms, inability to detect on physical examination or routine investigations and radiographs. This case report highlights the importance of awareness of this rare tumor and its presentation in rare locations.
Keywords: glomustumor; benign tumor;
A 62-year-old male presented to the orthopaedic outpatient department of KIMS, with a three months history of pain over the ulnar aspect of left forearm, which was insidious in onset and gradually progressive. He complained of sharp pain not only during of daily activities living but also during rest. He had night pain and increased sensitivity to cold. He also complained that he could feel a “grainy” mass at the ulnar aspect of his left forearm. There was tenderness on palpating along the ulnar aspect of right forearm at proximal and mid third junction. Clinically no mass was palpable, even though the patient had a feeling of grainy mass. No signs of inflammation or infection were present.
The radiographs and routine laboratory investigations were within normal limits. The MRI obtained revealed a spherical mass over the ulnar aspect of left forearm. The lesion appears as a dark, well defined mass on T1 weighted images and as a bright contrast enhancing mass on T2 weighted image. The small size (5mm × 5 mm) and the spherical nature of the lesion was demonstrated on MRI (Figure 1).
aspect (arrow) in the subcutaneous plane.
An ulnar approach to the forearm was made, and excision performed in the subcutaneous plane. A spherical-brownish white mass measuring 5 mm × 5mm was identified, without gross surrounding tissue abnormality. The resulting histopathology was consistent with the pre-operative diagnosis of glomus tumor. The tumor had multiple lobules of mononucleated cells in the stroma, in the form of nests surrounding branching vascular channels. The cells had very low mitotic activity (Figures 2 and 3). At one year follow up, the patient reported complete relief of his pre-operative symptoms.
Glomus tumor is a rare benign vascular tumor which accounts for less than 2% of all soft tissue tumors  usually occuring in the subcutaneous layer under the nail, fingertips and foot  but rare in the forearm  only a handful of cases have been reported worldwide. It arises from the smooth muscle cells of glomus body which is a neuro arterial thermoregulator structure .
Most of the patients present with a classical triad of moderate pain, point tenderness and temperature sensitivity. Though earl medical attention is sought, these symptoms are non-specific  and could be mostly left undiagnosed or miss diagnosed. The mass is often very small and mostly non palpable.
Usually plain radiographs are otherwise normal. Occasionally bony erosions may be seen in long standing cases. Use of ultrasound is not helpful in arriving at definitive diagnosis as it is operator and technique dependent . Magnetic resonance is the imaging investigation of choice.
Though very rare it can occur not only in the fingers and foot but can occur in other parts of the body (like the forearm being involved in this case). It involves severe morbidity and could be missed out or miss diagnosed based on the history, location, physical examination and on routine investigations and radiographs. MRI is the investigation of choice. Complete excision usually leads to cure, with low incidence of recurrence.
Acknowledgements are due to the Department of Radiology and Imageology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Secunderabad.
Conflicts of interest
Authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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