Volume : 10
Issue : 4
A study of serum cystatin C as a marker of diabetic nephropathy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Singh D, Patel N, Malapati BR, Shaker IA
Pdf Page Numbers :- 237-242
Divya Singh1, Neeti Patel2, Brahma Reddy Malapati1, and Ivvala Anand Shaker3,*
1Department of Biochemistry, Dr. Kiran C Patel Medical College and Research Institute, Bharuch, Gujarat-392001, India
2Department of Biochemistry, Kiran Medical College, Surat, Gujarat 394520, India
3Department of Biochemistry, Parul Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vadodara, Gujarat 391760, India
*Corresponding author: Ivvala Anand Shaker, Department of Biochemistry, Parul Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vadodara, Gujarat 391760, India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 4 August 2022; Revised 7 September 2022; Accepted 17 September 2022; Published 23 September 2022
Citation: Singh D, Patel N, Malapati BR, Shaker IA. A study of serum cystatin C as a marker of diabetic nephropathy among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Med Sci Res. 2022; 10(4):237-242. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17727/JMSR.2022/10-44
Copyright: © 2022 Singh D et al. Published by KIMS Foundation and Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Clinically type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) without serum creatinine microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria lacks predictors for diabetic nephropathy (DN). We utilized a meta-analysis technique to review the literature to evaluate whether serum cystatin C may be used as an early marker of diabetic nephropathy in light of the differing opinions regarding the utility of serum cystatin C as such. PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Scopus Database were searched using various key search terms. Studies involving T2DM patients and containing serum cystatin C levels and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) data were included. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were also calculated. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of serum cystatin C for predicting DN were 0.87 (95% CI 0.84 - 0.91) and 0.84 (95% CI 0.83 - 0.88) respectively. The pooled positive and negative predictive values of serum cystatin C for predicting DN were 7.035 (95 % CI 4.30 – 11.43) and 0.15 (95% CI 0.09 - 0.21) respectively. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve was 0.9548 and the diagnostic odds ratio was 67.10 (95% CI 28.12 - 156.84). Serum cystatin C is a significant biomarker of DN among patients with T2DM. It can also positively monitor kidney function progression and prediction of adverse outcomes among T2DM patients.
Keywords: serum cystatin C; diabetic nephropathy; type 2 diabetes mellitus; glomerular filtration rate; renal diseases; meta-analysis